Among them, there is a focus on the problem of his state of mental health, in particular on the possible relevance of the medical treatment he received for a war injury at the military hospital of the small German town of Pasewalk in the last days of WW I. Some authors have come to postulate a profound change of his personality due either to a psychic trauma suffered or a hypnotic therapy he supposedly underwent for curing single pasewalk hysterical blindness.
Methods Existing historical sources and inferred hypotheses will be discussed in the light of alternative interpretations. Results The mentioned suppositions reveal single pasewalk highly arbitrary character: Key words: One of the explanations easily at hand points to the person of Adolf Hitler and his charismatic, even hypnotic aura. But then again, another problem arises: Here is where some authors make the assumption that psychiatry plays a role, stating that Hitler underwent a profound personality alteration at the end of World War I, when he fought with the rank of lance corporal in a Bavarian infantry division.
They postulate that the presumed change was the result of either a severe psychic trauma suffered when his unit was attacked with mustard gas in the trenches close to the Belgian town of Ypern in Octoberor from the psychiatric treatment he supposedly received afterwards in the Northern German town of Pasewalk, where he was a patient at the local military hospital from October 21 to November 19 of that year.
However, the speculations that rise from them cannot claim any reliable evidence in their favour. This study aims to acquaint the reader with single pasewalk main arguments single pasewalk forth by the advocates of this delineated narrative, to scrutinize their reliability and, finally, to reveal their highly speculative and implausible nature. And, while it cannot prove the opposite, this study makes a strong plea for the intellectual honesty of accepting the single pasewalk of historical research.
Some of them come from his followers or ex-doctors and must be read with due caution 7 - 9but there are also more recent studies 10 - The best-known single pasewalk single pasewalk the time comes from Karl Willmanns Supposedly because of this, he lost his position as a full professor at Heidelberg University. A similar story has been told single pasewalk Hans Gruhle Even up to the present, psychiatrists maintain the hypothetical diagnosis of a hysteria Literature provides an even wider spectrum of mental disorders Hitler may have suffered from, ranging from a paranoid personality accentuation with ideas of persecution and grandeur over a narcissistic and hysterical psychopathy including hysterical blindness or paresis respectively, or, alternatively, a schizoidia up to a paranoid schizophrenia with hallucinations of cadaveric poison, coenesthesias, bacillophobia and delusions of persecution and blessedness.
However, all of these vast allegations lack any objective basis in terms of reliable historical documents. Hitler in Pasewalk In recent years, the debate has concentrated on a brief episode in single pasewalk the young Adolf Hitler, a low-ranking soldier in the German army at the time, received medical treatment at the military reserve hospital in the Pomeranian town of Pasewalk, about km north of Berlin.
Николь загляделась на буколическую сцену за окном. - Конечно, в основном это иллюзия, - проговорил Майкл.
By applying a so-called psycho-historical approach, developed by Lloyd deMause in the s, Binion postulated that, in the last days of WW I, Hitler turned into a charismatic leader personality and a fervent anti-Semite, demonstrating characteristics he never had before.
Furthermore, Kroner denounced Hitler as a coward in war, undeserving of his military decorations.
Thus, he may have tried single pasewalk accelerate his visa process to the US by making himself irreplaceable. Single pasewalk the obvious exaggerations and distortions in his narrative and the tremendous pressure he was under, he may serve as a witness for a number of things — but certainly not for such a crucial aspect of history as the one in question here. After all, Kroner did nothing but repeat rumors that were circulating in the academic world at that time 14 p A relatively well-known author in his time, writing predominantly single pasewalk the sober style of New Realism Neue Sachlichkeitwhich became popular in German language literature after the loss of World War I, he was friends with Franz Kafkawith whom he shared this specific background Although his interest in literature eventually got the upper hand and led him to give up his medical work inhis entire oeuvre shows his profound concern with the psychological and ethical single pasewalk pasewalk of his original profession 3334and mental health issues in particular He fled from the Nazis when Hitler seized power and settled under miserable circumstances in Paris, where he committed suicide the day German troops invaded the city in His last novel The Eyewitness German original: Der Augenzeuge, in Portuguese A Testemunha Ocularwritten in under tremendous pressure, had single pasewalk into oblivion until it was published posthumously, 25 years later 36and was subsequently translated into English, Spanish and French.
Singles aus 17309 Pasewalk
Like many of his other novels, it consists of a fictitious auto biography of a physician, single pasewalk this case a psychiatrist. By the end of the war, he is assigned the duty of providing special single pasewalk for the mentally afflicted in the psychiatric department of Pasewalk military hospital, single pasewalk, among his patients, he encounters a sleepless, rambling, unappealing anti-Semite called A.
Since the young doctor himself had suffered long-lasting humiliation both in his private and professional life, he sees his chance to excel, and attempts to cure his patient by applying a strong suggestion to him: The cure turns out to be a success, and events take their well-known course. Quite the contrary: A good look at his other novels emphasizes the literary nature of the book, as many of them deal with questions of power and helplessness in medical affairs 39 pp It simply needs to be taken as purely hypothetical.
Yet the context of this assessment and whether it involved some kind of therapy remain unknown.
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Они разговаривали примерно два часа, потом недолго целовались и Наи отправилась в спальню.
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Based almost exclusively on this intelligence single pasewalk as the only historical source, later authors such as PostLewis single pasewalk, Horstmannand Köpf 22 - 2426 created a myth, the development and continuation of which have been investigated previously Nor can the recent contributions made by historians Thomas Weber 44 and Henrik Eberle 45 change anything regarding the issue. It is stored in the central archives of Berlin-Buch and indeed represents a quite specific document of the medical treatment performed in Pasewalk military hospital.
von Pasewalk nach Krugsdorf
For lance corporal Adolf Hitler, it definitively and exclusively shows the diagnosis of gas poisoning Gasvergiftung Figure 1. This diagnosis is identical with what other documents from the Federal Archives Berlin reveal, which have been published by David Lewis in this journal 3 fig 4] some years ago.
Singles aus Pasewalk
Krankenbuchlager Berlin, Sammelurkunde Nr. This, of course, raises the question as single pasewalk why anyone would register Hitler, a totally unknown, low-rank soldier at the time, under a false diagnosis.
After all, with the medical sheet missing, there is no way of substantiating that he was ever treated by Edmund Forster. Instead of adding to our single pasewalk by presenting new sources, recent contributions have publicized a myth that seems problematic in two ways: In the opinion of the historian Ian Kershaw, it minimizes the complex developments that led to the mass single pasewalk of Jews during the Second World War to the alleged trauma of one single pasewalk person in 46 p References 1.
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O psiquiatra do Führer. Psychiatry on line Brasil [cited Jul 31]; 6 1. Available from: Köpf G.
Нечто вроде головоломки в. Дерьмо, просто дерьмо. - Не кори себя понапрасну, - спокойно произнесла Николь, прикасаясь к плечу Макса. - Откуда тебе было знать.
- Какая глупость с моей стороны, - Макс возвысил голос.
The hysterical blindness of Adolf Hitler: Rev Psiq Clin. Lewis D. Trinta dias na casa de tiros.
O estranho caso do Dr. Edmund Forster e Adolf Hitler. The strange case of Dr. Edmund Forster and Adolf Hitler]. Haag C.
За это время космический аппарат Рама был реконструирован и переоснащен для третьего, последнего путешествия в Солнечную систему.
O dia em que Hitler chorou. Pesquisa Fapesp [cited Aug 4]; Gramary A. Facts or fiction? Arq Neuropsiquiatr.
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Röhrs HD. Hitlers Krankheit: Tatsachen und Legenden: Medizinische und psychische Grundlagen seines Zusammenbruchs.
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Kurt Vowinckel; Irving D. Wie krank war Hitler wirklich? Der Diktator und seine Ärzte. Wilhelm Heyne; Schenck EG. Patient Hitler: Eine medizinische Biographie. Droste; Redlich F. Diagnosis of a Destructive Prophet. University Press; Neumayr Single pasewalk. Wahnideen singles freistadt Krankheiten — Perversionen.
Pichler; Neumann HJ, Eberle H. War Hitler krank? Gustav Lübbe; Kosten singlehaushalt O. Erinnerungen und Betrachtungen. Der Weg eines deutschen Psychiaters.
Richard Pflaum; Katz O. Theo Morell: Hitlers Leibarzt. Hestia; Lidz R, Wiedemann HR. Karl Willmanns Fortschr Neurol ; Riedesser P, Verderber A. Maschinengewehre hinter der Front: Zur Geschichte der deutschen Militärpsychiatrie.
Frankfurt a. Fischer; Krausbeck E. Ein literarisch-kulturhistorisches Sachbuch zur Psychopathologie.
Talstrasse 3-5 LIVE! / Festwiese Pasewalk
Verlag Dr. Müller; Chapter 2, Hitler im Blick des Psychiaters; p. Lange-Eichbaum W, Kurth W. Genie, Irrsinn und Ruhm; vol. Die Politiker und Feldherren. Completely revised by W Ritter. München, Basel: Ernst Reinhardt; Chapter 14, Adolf Hitler; p.